Conquering Infertility:Trying to Conceive, Diagnoses and IVF Treatment (A Guide for Expectant Mothers)
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Female infertility can be determined by so many factors but can not be confirmed without carrying out thoroughly medical examining her reproductive system. If infertility is suspected in a female, the doctor will require her to go for several medical examination to prove otherwise, these tests includes:
Taking her blood sample to check her hormone level and conducting an endometrial biopsy to check the lining of her uterus. In this article you will learn about IVF as the answer to a mothers desire. Read on
If infertility is detected, the doctor will do a finding as to what level is the damage and if drugs like clomiphene can correct it. But if the damage is grave, the only option will be Assisted Reproductive Technology.
How Is the Cause of Infertility Determined?
Two diagnostic tests that may be helpful in detecting scar tissue and tubal obstruction are laparoscopy and hysterosalpingography also known as HSG
- Laparoscopy. This procedure involves using an object called laparoscope. The doctor makes an incision close to the abdomen in order to check if there are any abnormalities in the fallopian tubes if they open, the ovaries if they are in good shape and the uterus if it is free from scare tissues, endometriosis, fibroid, cyst or mass
- Hysterosalpingography (HSG). This procedure doctors use either ultrasound or X-rays taken of the reproductive organs to check for physical problems of the uterus. They inject a dye through the virgina into the cervix, this process enables the doctor to observe if the dye will find its way through the fallopian tubes if they are open or stopped by a blockage, which may be the cause of infertility.
How Is Female Infertility Treated?
After these examinations, if the woman is diagnosed with abnormalities in her reproductive organs the only option left for her to get pregnant is through Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) widely known as IVF.
- First of all, the woman will be educated on the problems affecting her inability to conceive, treatment options, procedures, the risks involved and the success rate. All these can be achieved if you exercise a little bit of patience and faith.
- Medications: injections and some oral pills will be given to help stimulate the female hormones so that the ovaries can develop mature eggs for ovulation. This leads to the final maturation and release of the egg. These drugs also can enhance fertility by causing multiple eggs to ovulate during the cycle.
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Assisted Reproductive Technology Cycles
When conducting an ART, timing is very essential. The ovaries are examined during treatment with vaginal ultrasound examinations to ascertain the development of ovarian follicles.
Samples of the woman’s blood are drawn to measure the level at which she is responding to ovarian stimulation medications. With a blood test and ultrasound examinations, the doctor will be able to tell when the eggs are matured and ready to be retrieved.
Fertilization, Embryo Culture and Transfer
After the eggs are retrieved, the matured eggs are culture and fertilized and finally the doctor uses a transfer catheter to transfer the embryos into the uterine cavity for fertilisation to take place the natural way in the uterine wall.
Types of Assisted Reproductive Technology (IVF)
- Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): Intrauterine insemination refers to the procedure in which semen is taken, rinsed with a special solution, and then placed into the uterus during ovulation.
- In vitro fertilization (IVF): Refers to a procedure in which the woman is given some medication to stimulate her ovaries to develop and mature eggs for ovulation, after which the eggs are fertilized in a petri dish and placed into the uterus using an intrauterine insemination catheter.
- Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT): Is an option only for women who have normal fallopian tubes. With GIFT the eggs and sperm are transferred to the woman’s fallopian tubes rather than her uterus, and fertilization takes place in the tubes and not in the lab, but this is done with a laparoscopy because it requires a surgical procedure to transfer the sperm and egg to the tubes
- Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT): This technique differs from GIFT in that fertilization takes place in the lab rather than the fallopian tube, but is similar in that the fertilized egg is transferred to the tube rather than the uterus. This procedure also requires The use of a laparoscopy to transfer the sperm and egg to the tubes
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): is used when there is sperm-related infertility. ICSI is typically performed when there is a likelihood of poor semen quality or history of failed IVF. The sperm are injected into the eggs in a culture dish and then placed into the woman’s uterus. In this kind of situation, genetic examination can be carried out to ascertain if the man is a carrier of genetic diseases. He should consider the Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) the risk of passing it on to his child can be averted.
For more Information on IVF visit: Fertility Authority
That is all we have for you on Female Infertility, Trying to Conceive and Treatment
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